History and a Historian

Author: Robert C. Valentine
Titles of four exciting books, Alert: For The Times, Book of Secrets.
And, A Toast For You & Me, America's Participation, Sacrifice and Victory. World War Two books. Vol 1, Vol 2 and the 1944 commemorative volume--a compilation of many years of intensely laborious research.

Volumes 3 and 4 are in the workshop. They include Hollywood and are due next.

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Author Valentine research methods utilize official scientific data, documents, news radio and television reports from the BBC, CNN, ABC, FOX, NBC, and CBS, and interviews. It is all tended in a unique compilation of long research, with a narrative that will pique your interest, just like the 1994 commemorative.

That is me second from right many years ago during a friend’s retirement party.

Visiting Egypt

I had the opportunity to visit the National WW II Museum in New Orleans April 2008, formerly the D-Day Museum. They had a wonderful display about Hollywood. It had a special exhibition with a theme Hollywood and WW II. (All photographs taken by the author, Mr. Valentine who is a member of the National WW II Museum.)

(above) My 1998 trip to Egypt and the Sudan.
Visiting Egypt

Visiting Egypt1

Visiting Egypt2

Abu Simbel near the Sudan

On the Nile

The U.S. 94th Infantry Div, somewhere along the German border 1945.

If you have read my writings, my style is Friendly to the reader, yet I do not shy away from facts. I love travelling. I always loved history, and remember growing up listening to WW II stories from my dad, a 94th Inf Div, Third Army veteran (below).

I grew up near downtown Los Angeles, California, in the Boyle Heights part of town. We did not have many things while I grew up, and sometimes it was pretty rough. My parents George and Maria instilled in me a self-reliance--and to never give up. Our neighborhood was a pretty tough one.

442nd Regimental Combat Team and 100th Battalion special ceremony.

Robert and his brother George at the Go For Broke ceremony, Little Tokyo, California honoring Japanese-American veterans.

North dock where MacArthur left Corregidor.

I have a passion for model railroading, LOVE trains and GI Joe collecting and Egyptology, if you can call that a hobby.

Someday, I will post my pictures of my travels to the Canadian Rockies.
I am married to Maria, the love of my life and great joy. We try to stay fit.
I enjoy jogging and exercising; once ran a 10K at 30.11 seconds.
World War II has always been my keen interest. I have been a GI Joe collector and passenger train buff all my life.

General Dwight D. Eisenhower. My father served under him and General George Patton during the Second World War.

Around 8 pm EST, March 30, 2001, the night skies were lit aglow in heavenly fire; even in Florida.
It was seen globally and was very rare. The event is covered in Alert: For The Times.

My friend Dannion Brinkley.

A journey in life took me further than I could imagine. To unlock the doors of climate and destiny. Serious business the melting of glaciers. Notice the difference of Qori Kalis, 1978 and 2000. (above)

Undesired winds came down from the heavens. Pasadena, California Dec 1, 2011.(above)

Western Europe was struck by fierce winds, Dec 1999.(above) Winds exceeded 120mph.
Over 2 million people were without electricity. Over 10 billion trees were destroyed in France alone.

The topic of the geophysical is an important feature in Alert: For The Times. Now, let me tell you a bit of history from another viewpoint, a Catholic European historical story, which involved a Portuguese Count Nuno Alvares Pereira. Let me tell you the story of this man who was called Blessed Nuno until April 26, 2009, when he was made a saint. First, a brief preface.
Back, back in time toward the Medieval era, Saint Nuno was born on June 24, 1360, in Flor da Rosa, the illegitimate son of Dom Alvaro and Iria Goncalves do Cavalha. He grew up outside Ourem near Fatima where Our Lady appeared in 1917. He had an ardent devotion to Her, the Rosary and to the Brown Scapular. It is stated he was fortunate to receive a knightly education when as a baby was legitimized by royal decree.
In the beginning of 1383, we had a rivalry between kings that sort of started in 1339, when a beautiful 14-year old aristocratic girl Ines de Castro first came to Portugal. The young prince and apparent heir to the throne of Portugal was smitten by her beauty. But, he was already married to Constance, but he left her and she later died of a broken heart. A long love affair and father-son conflict ensued, but to get to the chase, in 1367 the son of Constance ascended to the throne and became king for about 20 years.
An assembly of nobility, clergy and bougeoises known as the Cortes in Medieval Portugal consented to announce in 1383 that upon the death of Ferdinand I (the son of Constance) the crown would pass to his young daughter Beatrice. Beatrice had two brothers, however they had died in 1380 and 1382. Queen mother Leonor Telles de Meneses would assume protectress. Under an agreement with Castile, Beatrice (Beatriz in Portuguese), married John I of Castile. Technically, Beatrice was regent of the government of Portugal until she would have a son, and upon him reaching his 14th birthday would assume title and office of the King.
Incidentally, we had at this time something called the Great Schism or Great Western Schism in the history of the Roman Catholic Church, a period from 1378 to 1417, when there were two, and later three, rival popes each with his own Sacred College of Cardinals.
John I sought to claim the alliance he had with Portugal by virtue of being married to Beatrice. He had a first wife but she had died in 1382, and so in 1383 was very happy to wed Beatrice, not even a teenager.
The marriage posed a threat to the entire kingdom of Portugal. Many people did not trust the Castilian mother queen who was protectress over Beatrice, an 11-year old. Many feared the loss of independence.
Enter the step-brother of the dead king, John I of Portugal, (aka John of Aviz and another John), against the claims.
In late November and early December, soon after the death of Ferdinand, there was an uprising in Lisbon by the people and nobles who were against the formation of a Spanish monoploy of commerce and trade, in addition to the idea of takeover. On December 6, 1383, John of Aviz sneaked in to the royal palace and killed Count Jaoa Andeiro, the lover of Leonor. Riots ensued. The Bishop of Lisbon was thrown out the window from the north tower of his cathedral. Soon after, John I of Castile decided not to wait for anybody and marched on Portugal.
In January 1384, John I of Castile decided to invade Portugal.

When John’s army of 5,000 strong invaded, in comes Count Nuno (left) who was sent to challenge him. Nuno had at his disposal only 300 horsemen and 1000 infantrymen. But, he devised novel tactics and at the battle of Atoleiros on April 6, he won using his new tactics.
He formed his cavalry into a square and surrounded the outer edges with infantry holding their lances. Behind each lancer, there was another man ready to pick up the lance if the first lancers were wounded or killed.
Count Nuno rode in the middle of the square giving orders and encouraging everyone. Immediately before the battle, he spoke to his soldiers exhorting them to trust in God, and then jumped off his horse and knelt before his banner that had Our Lady at the foot of the Cross on one side and the Nativity on the other.
The entire Portuguese army followed suit, and knelt and prayed before the standard.
When they heard the roar of the advancing Castilian army, Count Nuno leapt onto his horse. The Castilians thought the poorly armed Portuguese cavalry would not withstand the cavalry charge. They were so sure of this that they dared to advance without a plan.
The Portuguese responded to the Castilian charge with a war cry of their own, “Portugal! St. George!”
On the first impact, the Castilian horses were hideously impaled upon the row of lances. Then the Portuguese rained arrows on the Castilian troops that were behind the stalled cavalry. Confusion, and then terror, spread through the Castilian ranks. The Castilian troops saw many of their leaders dead and began to flee. Count Nuno ordered his cavalry to give chase. The Portuguese suffered no casualties, and the Castilians withdrew from this battle called The Battle of Atoleiros.
A day after the victory, Count Nuno made a six-mile pilgrimage barefoot, over cobblestones and rough terrain, to a nearby shrine of Our Lady in thanksgiving for her help. Upon arriving at the shrine, it was found dirty and profaned. The Castilians had quartered their horses in the church and everything smelled. With his own hands, he cleaned out the church and vowed to build a better shrine in her honor.
Despite the fact that most of his family favored Castile, Nuno was not for Castile. Although the Castilians had withdrawn in 1384, they invaded again the following year and moved on Lisbon.
Count Nuno again was undermanned.
The Nuno had about 6,500 troops which were composed of the following:
4,000 foot soldiers,
1,700 lances,
800 crossbowmen and
100 English longbowmen
Pitted against them were 15,000 foot soldiers, 6,000 lances, 8,000 crossbowmen, 15 mortars (artillery) and over 2,000 French knights.
It was August 13, 1385, and the foe was headed for Aljubarrota and they meant business scorching the land as they went. The commander-in-chief of the army, Nuno, asked God for a sign that his army would be victorious through the intercession of Our Lady Queen of Portugal. When they crossed the mount of St. Michael overlooking the Cova da Iria, all his horses began to kneel, and Nuno was led to the exact spot where 532 years later Our Lady of Fatima would appear.
Waving a flag with the image of the Blessed Mother, the 25-year old knight and his army fought hard against the Castilian calvary which almost broke through.
However, Nuno ordered his Portuguese cavalry he held in reserve on the flanks to attack. This saved the Portuguese square, but the situation was desperate. When the Castilian captains ordered their reserves to attack, they hesitated. In vain, the Castilian nobles tried to push them to the attack, but the troops in the rear began to flee.
The Castilian king’s last option was to order another cavalry force to charge the Portuguese from the rear. Count Nuno, however, saw this coming and had a wall of lances ready to face that charge. After more brutal hand-to-hand fighting, the Castilian force also fled.
Just then the main body of the Castilian infantry arrived at the battlefield. The knights with their banner of the Crucifixion, Our Lady, and the two patrons of knighthood, St. James and St. George chased the enemy troops who retreated in disorder. In the Battle of Aljubarrota, Nuno’s troops lost about 1000 but those of Castile lost over 5000; keeping a promise if he won, he help built a monastery and several churches in her honor. The great Gothic cathedral outside Lisbon was also built to honor the Blessed Lady’s help.
Although his forces were greatly outnumbered, he blocked the Castilians at Aljubarrota, and won the decisive victory, and continued to fight against them until the final peace of October 30, 1411.
The Portuguese army after Aljubarrota split in two. King John took half the army to northern Portugal to expel the Spaniards and the Holy Count headed southward.
From the Spanish border, Count Nuno sent a message to the king of Castile that if he did not immediately recognize Portugal as an independent kingdom, he then would take the battle to Spanish soil. The king of Castile said the hell with you. Once again, Count Nuno waged battle in the name of Christ and in his belief under the protection of the Blessed Mother.
His way of waging war was different, above all to be respectful and merciful to their enemies and the civilian population. He drew his strength for the fight from his great devotion to Our Lady. Nuno was not hesitant to urge his soldiers to pray and receive the sacraments. He nourished special devotion to the Most Blessed Sacrament and to the Virgin Mary. The future saint even pushed prostitutes and gamblers out of his camps. Nuno assisted at two Masses every day.
Count Nuno entered Spain and took control of several cities.
He again divided his army, taking only about 300 knights to the Castilian camp.
He hoped to lure the Castilians into a battle and then have the rest of his army launch a surprise attack. The Spaniards were in a strong strategic position on a hill across the river from Nuno and his men. The Spaniards sent half of their army to circle behind the Portuguese to attack from the rear. The prospects were grimmer than Atoleiros and Aljubarotta, and Count Nuno prayed as never before.
His men were in their square formation and advanced toward the hill held by the Castilians. He hoped to take that hill, and then turn to face the other half of the Castilian army. As soon as the Portuguese crossed the river, the Castilians attacked with ferocity.
Once again, Count Nuno was everywhere, shouting orders and words of encouragement to his troops. A dart wounded Count Nuno, but he ignored the pain and continued fighting. As the Castilian army pressed the attack on the vanguard, Count Nuno’s men called out for him. He was nowhere to be found. A wave of panic swept through the Portuguese. Where was Nuno Alvarez? Had he been killed?
An officer found Count Nuno, kneeling and praying between two huge rocks.
He was holding a reliquary containing a thorn from Our Lord’s
Crown of Thorns. The officer cried out in despair, “We are lost!” Count Nuno responded, “My friend, it is not yet time. Wait a bit.” And, Nuno continued to pray. Then after a few moments, the knight Count Nuno picked up his helmet and rose to his feet. “We must go up there with my standard!” Once again, the brave knight mounted his horse, and collected his standard banner. Leading the way and shouting “Forward! Forward!” to his men, the army of Count Nuno advanced.

To the Portuguese, it seemed almost a resurrection; most thought him killed. The Portuguese troops surged forward with Count Nuno and the foe began to give way. The Castilian army was so badly beaten there was no counterattack. With this victory of the battle of Valverde, Castile totally gave up subduing Portugal. Out of gratitude for this victory at Valverde, Count Nuno began construction of the shrine and monastery of Our Lady of the Scapular of Mount Carmel in Lisbon. With his friend Henry the Navigator, Nuno began the “Age of Exploration” and took the Gospel to Africa. Portugal’s first African possession was Ceuta (in northern Morocco) in 1415.
So Castile’s plan to annex Portugal by force failed, but in the year 1412 a Castilian prince, Ferdinand I, was successfully placed on the Aragonese throne, partly as a result of Castilian financial support and military force. [This move foreshadowed the personal union of the two crowns under Ferdinand and Isabella (1479). Isabella’s daughter (his great-granddaughter) was Catherine of Aragon, the first wife of Henry VIII, and her daughter (his great-great-granddaughter) was Queen Mary Tudor. When Catherine wife of King Henry VIII had miscarriages and no male offspring, Henry screamed for divorce and after Pope Clement VII refused, he broke from the Catholic Church and formed the Anglican Church.]
John I of Portugal rewarded Nuno Pereira, the knight who engraved the name of Mary on his sword, with titles and extensive lands and properties. He spent much of his wealth building churches and monasteries to honor Mary, who had never abandoned him in hard times.
His daughter Beatrice married John I’s legitimated son Alfonso and thus became ancestor of the House of Bragan, which in 1640 became the ruling house of Portugal. One of his descendants was Catherine of Bragan who became Queen Consort of England by her marriage to Charles II and in whose honor the Borough of Queens, New York was named.

Nuno set aside a third of his property for his grandchildren, a third for the poor and a third for his retirement.
Nuno who had had a Carmelite house built in Lisbon in fulfillment of a vow, asked the prior for permission to join the order as a type of lay brother called a donato, after his wife’s death, as Friar Nuno de Santa Maria in 1423. The prior was shocked but accepted Nuno. As a donato, he would be the lowest one at the monastery, and he would only take simple vows as opposed to solemn perpetual vows. This afforded him a chance to leave the monastery and lead an army if Portugal were attacked.
The Castilians were also in disbelieve, however at that time a peace treaty was signed. When a Castilian ambassador visited Nuno in the monastery, he could not believe Portugal’s great hero had become a simple monk.
After eight years in the monastery, Nuno Alvares Pereira died on Easter Sunday of 1431, the same year as Joan of Arc. He was beatified by Pope Benedict XV on January 23, 1918, and canonized by Pope Benedict XVI on April 26, 2009.
Nuno had built at his own expense the churches of Vila Viosa, Souzel, Portel, Monsaraz, Mourao, Fivora, Camarate, and of course the magnificent cathedral of Carmel in Lisbon, which was later destroyed in the great Lisbon earthquake of 1755, along with much of the city. If you are lucky to visit Lisbon, you can still visit the historical site, where the bare, roofless arches have been preserved.
Associated with the name of Nuno are the monastery and church of St. Mary of Victory, a masterpiece of Gothic architecture in Portugal and which is better known by the name of Batalha, ordered built by John I to commemorate the victory of Aljubarrota and to fulfill a vow made on the field of battle. Batalha is now a UNESCO World Heritage site.
A list of his prodigies was later compiled and became known in Portuguese literature as The Book of the Miracles of the Holy Constable.

The most ancient document that is known in regard to the canonization of Nuno is a letter preserved in the Mediceo -Laurenziana Library of Florence (fondo Ashburnham, cod. 1792 /1716/, vol. I, f. 20). It was written on July 21, 1437, by King Edward to the Portuguese Benedictine John Gomes, abbot of the monastery of St. Mary at Florence and the intermediary between the Portuguese court and Pope Eugene IV. In that letter the king asks the abbot to obtain from the pope a duplicate of the decree for the process of canonization of the Holy Constable, since the one already sent to Lisbon had not arrived. At the bottom of the letter is added a prayer composed by Don Peter, brother of the king, in honor of the servant of God. The sentence of the delegated judge, signed on March 7, 1914, was confirmed by the S. Congregation of Rites on Jan. 15, 1918, and approved by Pope Benedict XV on Jan. 23, 1918.
On May 28, 1941, the decree for the resumption of the cause of canonization was published. In 1961, a huge pilgrimage was organized with his relics deposited in a silver reliquary, but it was later robbed and the reliquary remains unfound to this date. The discovery of the site of the original tomb in 1996, together with some other authenticated bone fragments, awakened the desire to hasten the proclamation of Blessed Nuno as a saint in the Catholic Church. He was canonized on April 26, 2009, and his feast day is November 8.

The 1960s used to be the only
Golden Age of the 12-inch GI Joe.

Part of my GI Joe collection

Gen. Doolittle is at center with his Medal of Honor.

Iraqi Freedom Air Controller
Miss Fear
The Blond Knight
Rosie the Riveter
F.A.O. Schwartz specials
T’is but a sprinkle of the Golden Age of the big 12-inch poseable figure, the adjective knew no bounds during the heyday.

Medic Ed Pepping of the 506th, U.S. 101stAirborne and the author at a GI Joe convention. Doc Pepping parachuted into Normandy, France, on D-Day, June 6, 1944.

A concentration camp being liberated by American GI Joes.
In a world with a population of six billion, as well as the dichotomy of carbon dioxide concentration buildup, the acrobatics of temperatures, the argumentive existance of global warming, I was prompted to do a book on the climate when I saw on television a channel 9 news report on an ice storm, either from Washington or Oregon. The television description on the weather triggered something inside me, and it was made crystal clear to me when they showed these tiny icicles hanging from a tree in a weird position, that something was afoot. They were not hanging down. Icicles frozen perpendicular and horizontal due to the ferocity of the icy wind were something new. . .not even slanted. They were straight horizontal. The reporter on TV made a big deal about it, too. It was December of 1996. I was simply fascinated. I guess you might call it a sixth sense in anticipation of what was going to happen.

Alert: For The Times, Book of Secrets, is a riveting history book. It is a book for all in understanding the irregularities of climate, the cacophony in nature and time, and the nature of evil.
Readers will find a goldmine of information, from Astrovirtel, polar reversals and the melting of both poles to Planet X, Asteroid 1997 XF11, hurricanes like Charlie and Katrina, and all manner of geophysical disturbances that are making history NOW. It is all documented in the same way as has been documented the histories of the Second World War, such as the latest,
A Toast For You and Me, America’s Participation, Sacrifice and Victory, vol. 2 --a comprehensive book on the year 1942 like no other book.
You may read on, or wish to order a Book or Back to Top

How comprehensive? See March 2010 review from ALLBOOKS Review by scholar, multi-linguist, U.S. Army Military Intelligence, and Anthropologist John Helman,
ATTENTION Press here.

About seven years ago, my brother George, Maj. Ed Dames, and the author.

The reader will find numerous forewarnings of modern climate, marking examples that are too unbelievable to be construed as mere meteorological coincidences.

Forewarnings in this book come from both the real scientists, and, from the nonscientific world of futurists such as Nostradamus, Dannion Brinkley, David Booth, Father Andrew Wingate, and Major Ed Dames and his past world of military intelligence. . .futurists relatively known, but until now, never before revealed together in one book.
For the record, Alert: For The Times is not a quasi-religious book, nor do we advance one faith over another. Nor, does the author wish to make this a doomsday book.
The three magnets that hold the book together are Science, Religion, and the Supernatural. As author, I have decided to augment the facts with profound messages about the rapidly changing global environment, covering history, science, and predictions, including Fatima and the Third Secret. The great Nostradamus is mentioned because he purveys the noctographic world of the papacy and the Catholic Church. The world today is extremely vulnerable to evil. This book should not be read with impunity.
I believe my degree in Business Administration and minor in history has helped me. It took me a long while to pay attention to those people who make predictions, however.
As time passes, more peculiar geophysical events will seem to pop up more.

Everybody who has helped me in the book are given credit. A few words on the Auroras.
The ability to capture photographically what appears in the heavens, especially at night, has always fascinated me. That is why I tried to make the auroras borealis an extra special part of my book. I discovered there exist better cameras. AND more people on this Earth taking more pictures--compared to say but a few decades ago. Thus, the ability to capture them photographically is commensurate with advanced technology and populations. This helps history become a lot more interesting.
Auroras really are beautiful and can be captured if the camera is in the proper hands. Before 1997, there were less people interested in trying to take pictures of auroras or strange weather novelties because they appeared more rarer. I am in debt to the following good people who helped me by providing some very good pictures, Philippe Moussette, Gart Arsenault, Mr Michel Benvenuto, professors Francisco Reyes, Peter Strasses, Chris Petrich. Thus, it is a historical perspective that goes beyond a simple word narrative.